Carnatic music is a system of music commonly associated with the southern part of India. It is one of two main subgenres of Indian classical music that evolved from ancient Hindu traditions, the other subgenre being Hindustani music. The main emphasis in Carnatic music is on vocal music; most compositions are written to be sung, and even when played on instruments, they are meant to be performed in gāyaki (singing) style.
Shadjam, Rishabham, Gandharam, Madhyamam,Panchamam, Dhaivatham and Nishadam are the seven basic notes of Carnatic music. Most of us are familiar with Sa, Ri, Ga, Ma, Pa, Dha, Ni which are the singing form of these notes. Carnatic music is embounded with the system of seventy two primary ragas and several talas, the system grows with so many ragas originated from the primary ragas .